Canada and the Kingdom of the Netherlands promotes the personal-identification system based on blockchain technology.
This system combines key factors such as biometric and biographic data interface, information about the history of the traveler, and provides verification of the identity of the traveler with a high level of security.
During the world economic forum in Davos, the government of Canada and the Netherlands, as well as the consulting company “Accenture” told the world about its intention to launch a prototype of a digital identification system for passengers (KTDI) for airlines, combining blockchain technology and biometrics. In addition to commercial participants such as Google, Marriott International, Hilton Worldwide and others, the project is also planning to join the international criminal police organization (INTERPOL), the National Agency for combating crime in the UK and the Departments of homeland security and Commerce.
In anticipation of the projected 50% increase in the number of air passengers by 2030 the system KTDI is a joint effort of all participants to establish a system of identification based on the blockchain technology, which would provide the required level of security and cooperation among international agencies.
Matt Hayden, Deputy assistant Secretary office of private sector Department of homeland security, spoke about the benefits of cooperation between the public and private sectors:
“The partnership between the public and private sector is essential to improve the efficiency of information processing when crossing the border. Such cooperative efforts benefit the government because it gets access to the research and innovation of the private sector, allowing you to update a reliable database of passengers and travellers, and explore the world as a whole.”
Digital identification system passengers KTDI built on the principles of flexible architecture, ease of use, communication in real-time and security of the traveler. The system uses biometrics, developed to ensure interoperability independent of technology and has modular scalability. It also includes elements of machine learning to improve accuracy.
A digital identification system of passengers allows the traveler to increase the credibility of your digital identity. Passing the authentication procedure in organizations with a high level of trust, everyone can obtain the status of “trusted traveler.” Each procedure authentication of the individual in organizations such as post office, government office or educational institution confirms the accuracy of the individual in the system KTDI, becoming the basis for digital identity. The system was designed for interagency cooperation; for example, obtaining immunizations can be a point person authentication, and the other country may use the authentication data on immunization during the passage of customs procedures.
The traveler can decide which information will be available, and who can have access to it when working with the system KTDI, since only certain organizations have access to authorization information while traveling. Instead of storing data directly in the blockchain, the IDs are stored in blocks that relate to a particular numeric identifier. These IDs are connected to hubs that provide a safe exchange and storage of data.
This system satisfies the needs for privacy, while allowing agencies to check the history of the traveler and to record it on the blockchain the platform. The current hypothesis based on the lack of development of the blockchain system is that the books with the official data best match the needs of the system KTDI, where some trusted nodes are given permission to write information that with the aim of ensuring the transparency can be read by every person and organization.
Marc Garneau, the Minister of transport Canada, stressed that the latest technical advances to provide air traffic safety and make travel more convenient:
“Innovation is the key to improving global competitiveness, mobility and productivity. Technological advancements enhance the safety of air travel, improving the quality of travel”.
The joint efforts of Canada and the Netherlands to create identification systems based on blockchain technology meet the needs of the whole ecosystem in the creation of standards for identification. One such example is an authentication Protocol ERC-725, which is currently being developed on the blockchain Ethereum is open to community feedback. Another similar example is the work of the project ID2020 Alliance, which recently has significantly increased the number of participants.